Sunflower seeds are more commonly eaten as a snack or street food, than as part of a meal. They can also be used as garnishes or ingredient in salads, added to bread, made into Halwa or Brittle (Kozinaki).
Sunflower meal is the by-product of the extraction of oil from sunflower seeds. In terms of production, it is the 4th most important oil meal, and one of the major protein meals used for livestock feeding, particularly for ruminants. It is generally a valuable and safe product, whose protein, fibre and oil contents are highly variable and driven by variations of the oil extraction process.
Sunﬂower meal can be the sole source of supplementary protein in diets for dairy cows.